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plutonium
Plutonium Informationen, einschließlich Technische Daten, Safety Data und seine Eigenschaften, Forschung, Anwendungen und andere nützliche Fakten sind erörtert werden. Wissenschaftliche Fakten, wie die atomare Struktur, Ionisierungenergie, Fülle auf der Erde, Leitfähigkeit und thermischen Eigenschaften sind im Preis inbegriffen.

 

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Plutonium ist ein Block F, Gruppe 3, Periode 7 Element. Die elektronische Konfiguration [Rn] 5f6 7s2. In seiner elementaren Form Plutonium's CAS ist der 05. Juli 7440. Die Plutonium Atom hat einen Radius von 151.3.pm und es ist, Van der Waals Radius ist 200.pm.

Plutonium entdeckt wurde von Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin M. McMillan, J. W. Kennedy und A. C. Wahl im Jahr 1940.

 

 

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Plutonium Abundance. The following table shows the abundance of plutonium and each of its naturally occurring isotopes on Earth along with the atomic mass for each isotope.

Isotope
Atomic Mass
% Abundance on Earth
Pu-239
239.052157
-
Pu-244
244.064198
-

Plutonium Safety Data. The safety data for plutonium metal, nanoparticles and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the left margin.

Ionisation Energie. Die Ionisierungenergie für plutonium (die am wenigsten Energie benötigt, um ein einzelnes Elektron aus dem Atom in seinem Grundzustand in der Gasphase) ist in der folgenden Tabelle dargestellt:

1st Ionization Energy
581.44 kJ mol-1
2nd Ionization Energy
- kJ mol-1
3rd Ionization Energy
- kJ mol-1

Conductivity. As to plutonium's electrical and thermal conductivity, the electrical conductivity measured in terms of electrical resistivity @ 20 ºC is 150 µOcm and its electronegativities (or its ability to draw electrons relative to other elements) is 1.3. The thermal conductivity of plutonium is 6.74 W m-1 K-1.

Thermal Properties of Plutonium. The melting point and boiling point for plutonium are stated below. The following chart sets forth the heat of fusion, heat of vaporization and heat of atomization.

Heat of Fusion
2.8 kJ mol-1
Heat of Vaporization
343.5 kJ mol-1
Heat of Atomization
348 kJ mol-1



 
Formula Atomic Number Molecular Weight Electronegativity (Pauling) Density Melting Point
Boiling Point
Vanderwaals radius
Ionic radius Energy of first ionization
Pu 94 944  g.mol -1 1.28 19.816 g/L 639.4 °C 3228 °C .200 nm 151.3 pm 581.44 kJ.mol-1

PRODUCT CATALOG German Operations Submicron & Nanopowder Tolling Ultra High Purity Sputtering Target Crystal Growth Rod, Plate, Powder, etc. Foil
 
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Recent Research & Development for Plutonium



  • [Stomatological diseases prevalence (morbidity) in workers of Plutonium factory] Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2007;86(3):72-5. Russian. No abstract available.

  • Artificial radionuclides in the atmosphere over Lithuania. J Environ Radioact. 2007 Sep 19; [Epub ahead of print]

  • Allometric methodology for the calculation of biokinetic parameters for marine biota. Sci Total Environ. 2007 Sep 17; [Epub ahead of print]

  • USE OF AIR MONITORING AND EXPERIMENTAL AEROSOL DATA FOR INTAKE ASSESSMENT FOR MAYAK PLUTONIUM WORKERS. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007 Sep 11; [Epub ahead of print]

  • AN APPROACH TO REDUCTION OF UNCERTAINTIES IN INTERNAL DOSES RECONSTRUCTED FOR THE TECHA RIVER POPULATION. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007 Sep 11; [Epub ahead of print]

  • Plutonium Immobilization and Radiation Effects. Science. 2000 Sep 22;289(5487):2051-2052. No abstract available.

  • Determination of uranium in aqueous attenuating samples using gamma-ray spectrometry. Appl Radiat Isot. 2007 Jul 10; [Epub ahead of print]

  • MICROSCOPIC DOSE TO LUNG FROM INHALED ALPHA EMITTERS IN HUMANS. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007 Aug 30; [Epub ahead of print]

  • THE NCRP WOUND MODEL: DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007 Aug 31; [Epub ahead of print]

  • A novel approach for the rapid decomposition of Actinide resin and its application to measurement of uranium and plutonium in natural waters. Anal Chim Acta. 2006 Sep 1;577(1):111-8. Epub 2006 Jun 17.

  • Thermodynamics of Xenon Binding to Cryptophane in Water and Human Plasma [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 9262-9263]. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Aug 28; [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available. [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

  • Noble gases without anesthetic properties protect myocardium against infarction by activating prosurvival signaling kinases and inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition in vivo. Anesth Analg. 2007 Sep;105(3):562-9. [PubMed - in process]

  • A Cryptophane Biosensor for the Detection of Specific Nucleotide Targets through Xenon NMR Spectroscopy. Chemphyschem. 2007 Aug 21; [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available. [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

  • A High-Power Laser-Driven Source of Sub-nanosecond Soft X-Ray Pulses for Single-Shot Radiobiology Experiments. Radiat Res. 2007 Sep;168(3):382-7. [PubMed - in process]

  • In vitro colour stability of aesthetic brackets. Eur J Orthod. 2007 Aug;29(4):354-358. [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

  • Micro-CT Imaging of Rat Lung Ventilation using Continuous Image Acquisition during Xenon Gas Contrast Enhancement. J Appl Physiol. 2007 Aug 9; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

  • Nuclear spin resonance of (129)Xe doped with O(2). J Magn Reson. 2007 Jul 17; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

  • Comparison between the Landau-Teller and flux-flux methods for computing vibrational energy relaxation rate constants in the condensed phase. J Chem Phys. 2007 Aug 7;127(5):054504. [PubMed - in process]

  • Revisiting the intensity output of curing lights in private dental offices. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2007 Jul;28(7):380-4; quiz 385-6. [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  • [Effects of plutonium and krypton-containing breathing mixtures on clinical and biochemical blood indices in animals] Aviakosm Ekolog Med. 2007 Mar-Apr;41(2):60-4. Russian. [PubMed - in process]

 

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